Idiopathic facial dermatitis
Idiopathic facial dermatitis in Persian cats is a well recognised disease. Persian and Himalayan cats are predisposed and affected cats show skin lesions similar to those seen in atopy, together with otitis externa and idiopathic progressive dermatitis localised on the face. The condition is of presumed hereditary origin.
No effective therapeutic protocol has yet been developed although tacrolimus has been reported as effective in some cases. Secondary infections are common and need to be treated. However, glucocorticoids and antihistamines do not always elicit a good symptomatic response.
A differential diagnosis would include:
- Idiopathic ulcerative dermatitis
- Fungal infections
- Head mange - Notoedres spp
- Bacterial skin infections
- Miscellaneous skin diseases
- Chung TH et al (2009) Topical tacrolimus (FK506) for the treatment of feline idiopathic facial dermatitis. Aust Vet J 87(10):417-420