Uterine prolapse

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Prolapse of the uterus is uncommon in the cat. Most cases are readily recognised clinically and the samples are not sent to a pathologist for examination. Uterine prolapse occurs in cats after parturition, or in rare cases where endometrial polyps have prolapsed and taken the uterus with it. There are many individual case reports of uterine prolapse in cats.

Treatment

Treatment is usually centred on anaesthetising the cats and after dorsal elevation of the pelvis, digitally replacing the uterus into the abdomen. A purse-string suture of the vulva lips is usually required to revent re-prolapsing, and anecdotal reports of benefits of oxytocin and L-carnitine in preventing recurrence in prone queens in both the immediate and long-term.

References

1. Bruinsma DL. (1981) Feline uterine prolapse (a case report). Vet Med Small Anim Clin. 76(1):60.

2. Davies JE. (1978) Prolapsed uterus in the cat. Vet Rec 103(25):567.

3. Herbert CR. (1979) Prolapsed uterus in the cat. Vet Rec 104(2):42.

4. Maxson FB, Krausnick KE. (1969) Dystocia with uterine prolapse in a Siamese cat. Vet Med Small Anim Clin. 64(12):1065-1066.

5. van der Kolk FR.(1984) Uterine inversion and prolapse in a cat Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 109(18):702-707.

6. Vanderhust SR. (1975) Bicornuate uterine prolapse in a cat/ a photographic essay. Vet Med Small Anim Clin. 70(6):681.

7. Vaughan L, McGluckin S (1993) Uterine prolapse in a cat. Vet Rec : 568

8. Wallace LJ, Henry JD Jr, Clifford JH. 1970 Manual reduction of uterine prolapse in a domestic cat. Vet Med Small Anim Clin. 65(6):595-596.

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