Cattle are commonly infected with Sarcocystis spp by ingesting feeds contaminated with infected carnivore feces.
Species identified in cattle include:
Clinical signs in affected cattle are usually absent. Cysts of Sarcocystis are common in the heart, esophageal, and skeletal muscle of cattle but rarely cause disease. Heavy infestations, signs commensurate with sarcosporidiosis include fever, mild anemia, chronic myositis, abortion and muscle wasting.
Although of little clinical importance, condemnation of meat at abattoirs causes a significant economic impact on the cattle industry.
- Nourani H et al (2010) Prevalence of thin-walled Sarcocystis cruzi and thick-walled Sarcocystis hirsuta or Sarcocystis hominis from cattle in Iran. Trop Anim Health Prod 42(6):1225-1227
- Moré G et al (2011) Prevalence of Sarcocystis spp. in Argentinean cattle. Vet Parasitol 177(1-2):162-165
- Chen X et al (2011) Sarcocystis sinensis is an ultrastructurally distinct parasite of water buffalo that can cause foodborne illness but cannot complete its life-cycle in human beings. Vet Parasitol 178(1-2):35-39
- Domenis L et al (2011) Detection of a morphogenetically novel Sarcocystis hominis-like in the context of a prevalence study in semi-intensively bred cattle in Italy. Parasitol Res 109(6):1677-1687
- Borji H, Parandeh S et al (2010) The abattoir condemnation of meat because of parasitic infection, and its economic importance: results of a retrospective study in north-eastern Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 104(8):641-647