Parasites

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The term parasitism may be defined as a two-species association in which one species, the parasite, lives on or in a second species, the host, for a significant period of its life and obtains nourishment from it. However, there are members of the scientific community who designate all infectious agents of animals as parasites including viruses, protozoa, bacteria and fungi as well as the arthropods, helminths and protozoa.

In this forum, we maintain the edict that parasites are those which rely on cattle as an essential aspect of their life cycle.

See also - alphabetical listing of parasites


Skin

Psorophora spp, Aedes spp, Anopheles spp
Hypoderma spp, Haematobia spp, Cuterebra spp, Cochliomyia spp, Culicoides spp, Simulium spp, Musca spp, Stomoxys spp, Tabanus spp
Chrysomya spp, Hippelates spp, Phlebotomus spp , Cordylobia spp, Wohlfahrtia spp, Lutzomyia spp, Dermatobia spp, Physiphora spp
Ctenocephalides felis, Pulex irritans, Ctenophthalmus spp
Rhipicephalus microplus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ixodes holocyclus, Dermacentor spp, Hyalomma spp, Ornithodorus spp, Haemaphysalis spp
Otobius megnini, Amblyomma spp
Demodex spp, Chorioptes spp, Psoroptes spp, Sarcoptes spp
Linognathus vituli, Haematopinus bovis, Bovicola spp, Solenopotes capillatus, Heterodoxus spiniger, Damalinia bovis
Parafilaria spp, Onchocerca spp, Strongyloides spp
Besnoitia spp, Leishmania spp

Nose

Mammomonogamus bovis

Mouth

Tetratrichomonas spp
Clinostomum spp

Eye

Thelazia spp
Besnoitia spp

Blood

Anaplasma spp, Babesia spp, Borrelia spp, Theileria spp, Ehrlichia ondiri
Ehrlichia ruminantium, Mycoplasma spp, Besnoitia spp, Leishmania spp

Brain

Toxoplasma spp
Cuterebra spp
Echinococcus spp
Parelaphostrongylus spp

Lungs

Dictyocaulus spp, Capillaria spp, Strongyloides stercoralis

Liver

Fasciola hepatica, Dicrocoelium spp, Opisthorchis spp, Clonorchis sinensis
Eurytrema spp, Mammomonogamus spp, Opisthorchis spp
Parorchis spp, Posthodiplostomoides spp. Posthodiplostomum spp, Clinostomum spp
Echinococcus spp
Capillaria spp, Toxocara spp

Kidney

Dictyocaulus spp
Leptospira spp

Urinary bladder

Capillaria spp

Reproductive organs

Tritrichomonas foetus, Tetratrichomonas spp, Pentatrichomonas spp
Brucella abortus

Interstitium (Tissue)

Parafilaria spp, Dipetalonema spp, Cuterebra spp, Trichinella spp
Mammomonogamus spp
Neospora spp

Muscle

Trichinella spp
Taenia saginata

Rumen

Cotylophoron spp, Calicophoron spp

Small intestine

Giardia spp, Cryptosporidium spp, Isospora spp, Eimeria spp, Enterocytozoon spp
Toxoplasma gondii, Sarcocystis spp
Balantidium coli, Tritrichomonas spp
Besnoitia spp
Haemonchus spp, Cooperia spp, Oesophagostomum spp, Trichostrongylus spp Mecistocirrus spp, Bunostomum spp
Ostertagia spp, Nematodirus spp, Strongyloides spp, Capillaria spp
Trichuris spp, Toxocara spp, Gongylonema spp
Paramphistoma spp, Cotylophoron spp
Moniezia spp, Diphyllobothrium spp, Echinococcus multilocularis
Echinococcus granulosus, Taenia saginata, Diphyllobothrium spp

Large intestine

Pentatrichomonas spp
Strongyloides spp

See also

References