Alcaligenes spp

From Ferret

Alcaligenes spp are a zoonotic bacterial infection of ferrets.

Species which have been reported as pathogenic include:

  • Alcaligenes xylosoxidans[1]

Although ferrets are usually asymptomatically-infected, cases of human endocarditis have been reported.

These facultative anerobic rods are a normal commensal of the the dentogingival sulcus of the ferret mouth.

Immunosuppression appears to result in heightened numbers within the oral flora.

Concomitant infections with Pasteurella spp, Corynebacterium spp and Rothia spp are commonly reported[2].


  1. Malek-Marín T et al (2009) A case of endocarditis of difficult diagnosis in dialysis: could "pest" friends be involved? Clin Nephrol 72(5):405-409
  2. Fischer RG et al (1996) The effect of cyclosporin-A on the oral microflora at gingival sulcus of the ferret. J Clin Periodontol 23(9):853-860