Anaplasma spp

From Ferret
Anaplsma spp in blood

Anaplasma spp are a zoonotic rickettsial parasitic tick-borne bacteria of wild mustelids.

Anaplasmosis occurs predominantly in North America and is transmitted by Amblyomma spp and Dermacentor spp ticks.

Species which are pathogenic to mustelids include:

  • Anaplasma phagocytophilum[1]

Coinfections with Borrelia spp and the protozoa Babesia spp have been reported[2].

Most cases of infection are asymptomatic, although this parasite can cause anemia in wild badgers and marten[3].

Treatment is usually effective with broad-spectrum antimicrobials such as doxycycline.

References

  1. Quinn JH et al (2012) Pathogen and rodenticide exposure in American badgers (Taxidea taxus) in California. J Wildl Dis 48(2):467-472
  2. Yabsley MJ et al (2006) Detection of Babesia and Anaplasma species in rabbits from Texas and Georgia, USA. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6(1):7-13
  3. Gabriel MW et al (2010) Effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests to assess pathogens of fishers (Martes pennanti) and gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus). J Wildl Dis 46(3):966-970