Corynebacterium spp

From Ferret

Corynebacterium spp are a commensal gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria of the mustelid mucosal membranes[1].

Species which are pathogenic in ferrets include:

  • Corynebacterium mustelae[2]
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

Although this bacteria is a facultative organism that resides on mucosal membranes of the eye[3], nose, ears and mouth[4], and is normally associated with gingivitis, it can also cause systemic disease and abscesses.


  1. Fischer RG et al (1994) Oral microflora of the ferret at the gingival sulcus and mucosa membrane in relation to ligature-induced periodontitis. Oral Microbiol Immunol 9(1):40-49
  2. Funke G et al (2010) Corynebacterium mustelae sp. nov., isolated from a ferret with lethal sepsis. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 60(4):871-873
  3. Montiani-Ferreira F et al (2006) Reference values for selected ophthalmic diagnostic tests of the ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Vet Ophthalmol 9(4):209-213
  4. Fischer RG et al (1996) The effect of cyclosporin-A on the oral microflora at gingival sulcus of the ferret. J Clin Periodontol 23(9):853-860