Anal sacculectomy

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Location of the openings of the anal glands in the ferret[1]

Anal sacculectomy is the surgical removal of the anal glands (scent glands) which are relatively large in comparison to other domestic pets such as dogs or cats.

The glands are located in the perianal space lateral to the distal rectum at the 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock positions at the junction between the anal and rectal mucosa[2].

Anal sacculectomy is primarily performed for descenting in this species[3], although anal sac abscessation occasionally occurs in some nondescented ferrets.

Surgery is usually performed at 1 - 8 weeks of age, using a ductal technique.

Post-operative complications, such as temporary fecal incontinence, rectal prolapse and anal sacculitis, have been reported.

References

  1. IVIS
  2. Mullen HS & Beeber NL (2000) Miscellaneous surgeries in ferrets. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 3(3):663-671
  3. Sladky KK et al (2000) Evaluation of epidural morphine for postoperative analgesia in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 39(6):33-38