Viral diseases

From Rabbit
Jump to: navigation, search

There are many viruses which infect rabbits, some of which cause overt clinical disease (pathogenic) while others are asymptomatic.

Pathogenic viruses which have been recorded in rabbits include:

Virus Disease Viral genus Viral Family Classification
Adenovirus Diarrhea Atadenovirus Adenoviridae dsDNA
Bunya virus Snow-shoe hare encephalitis Tahynavirus Bunyaviridae ssRNA
Calicivirus Rabbit haemorrhagic virus disease (RHVD) Lagovirus Caliciviridae ssRNA
Coronavirus Diarrhea, pleural effusion, cardiomyopathy Alphacoronavirus Coronaviridae ssRNA
Fibroma virus Shope fibromas Kappapapillomavirus Papillomaviridae dsDNA
H1N1 (Swine flu) asymptomatic in rabbits, influenza in pika Influenza A Orthomyxoviridae ssRNA
Herpes simplex-1[1] Encephalitis Simplexvirus Herpesviridae dsDNA
Myxomavirus Myxomatosis Leporipoxvirus Poxviridae dsDNA
Papillomavirus Shope fibromas, oral warts Kappapapillomavirus Papillomaviridae dsDNA
Parvovirus Diarrhea Parvovirus Parvoviridae ssDNA
Pox virus Rabbitpox Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae dsDNA
RERV-H Lymphosarcoma[2] Retrovirus Retroviridae ssRNA
Rotavirus Diarrhea Rotavirus Reoviridae dsRNA
Vaccinia virus Respiratory disease Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae dsDNA



  1. Müller K et al (2009) Encephalitis in a rabbit caused by human herpesvirus-1. J Am Vet Med Assoc 235(1):66-69
  2. Griffiths DJ et al (2002) Novel endogenous retrovirus in rabbits previously reported as human retrovirus 5. J Virol 76(14):7094-7102